When you buy land or an interest in land in Ontario, you pay Ontario’s land transfer tax. Land includes any buildings, buildings to be constructed, and fixtures (such as light fixtures, built-in appliances and cabinetry).
Who pays land transfer tax?
When you acquire a property or land, you pay land transfer tax to the province when the transaction closes.
Land transfer tax is normally based on the amount paid for the land, in addition to the amount remaining on any mortgage or debt assumed as part of the arrangement to buy the land.
In some cases, land transfer tax is based on the fair market value of the land, for example, where:
the transfer of a lease with a remaining term that can exceed 50 years
the transfer of land is from a corporation to one of its shareholders, or
the transfer of land is to a corporation, if shares of the corporation are issued.
If you are a first-time homebuyer, you may be eligible for a refund of all or part of the land transfer tax.
Other land taxes
Local municipalities charge a tax on the residential or business property you own. If you have questions about municipal property tax, contact your local municipality. If your property is located in an unorganized territory (an area without municipal organization) of Ontario, property tax is collected through the provincial land tax program administered by the Provincial Land Tax Office in Thunder Bay.
If you buy property in the City of Toronto, you may also pay the City of Toronto’s own municipal land transfer tax.